Health care services

During the military service, you will have access to health care services free of charge.

Enter into service feeling well! All long-term illnesses or sustained injuries must have been examined and treated prior to the service. While in service, it is primarily possible to only examine and treat illnesses that have been contracted during service time.

Entry health examination

All persons who start their military service will undergo entry health examination during the first two weeks of service.

The entry examination will cover

  • Examining fields of vision and hearing
  • Measuring height and weight
  • Updating vaccinations

Depending on the given service branch or training branch also other examinations may be arranged.

The examination will include being interviewed by a field nurse, and if necessary, an appointment by a general practitioner physician. On the basis of the examination, it will be determined whether your state of health has undergone significant changes since the call-ups. If applicable, your fitness for military service will then be re-evaluated accordingly.


The following vaccinations will be currently given in the check-up:

  • Tetanus-diphteria-pertussis (dtap)
  • Meningitidis ACWY
  • Measles-mumps-rubella (MPR)
  • Seasonal influenza

The Ministry of Social Affairs and Health can order also other vaccinations to be mandatory either regionally or nationally.

Before entering into service, double check your vaccination information at your local municipal health care centre or student health care centre and bring this information documented with you when entering into service.

Do I have to take the vaccinations?

The garrison circumstances tend to offer plenty of room for viruses and other pathogens to spread around those who remain non-vaccinated. As diseases have a tendency to become increasingly difficult when people age, the Ministry of Social Affairs and Health has ordered that the vaccinations listed above must be given to all conscripts.

The Finnish Defence Forces’ health service personnel will vaccinate all conscripts at the start of the military service in order to safeguard the conscripts’ health. Declining to take the vaccinations does not prevent an individual from completing the military service or lower their fitness for service class.

Health care services while in military service

The garrison health care centres will arrange for health care services for all who are doing their military service. Special care needs will be attended to in civilian hospitals.

If you are a patient at a garrison health care centre, your family will be able to contact you best by calling your own cell phone. Please note that the garrison health care centre is not authorised to give any information concerning your state of health without your permission.

The garrison health care centres will be accessible on weekdays. These services will also cover the military training exercises and live firing exercises. Detailed instructions concerning the garrison-specific health care service practicalities will be given at the start of the military service.

Outside the office hours of the garrison health care centres there will always be a national helpline available for those in military service. If you become ill while on leave, you can obtain information and instructions around the clock by calling:

  • Tel. +358 299 576 888 in Finnish
  • Tel. +358 192 242 800 in Swedish

NB! In case of sudden serious injuries, or attacks of illness, or other emergency instances, always call for help by dialing the common emergency call number 112.

You can call the garrison health care centres via the Finnish Defence Forces’ switch board, tel. +358 299 800.

Social support network

If you end up facing problems or issues that you would like to discuss while in military service, there will be help available. Your closest superiors, for example your section leader and your instructors will aid you in all matters relating to military service. When necessary, you can also always turn to the commanding officer of your company-level unit.

Social welfare officers and military chaplains will be helping and supporting you while in military service. Peer support will be available by the conscripts of the Conscript Committee and also, for example, when sending a private message to the social media agent conscripts of one’s own contingent’s Facebook group.

Do not ruminate on your problems alone but rather turn to your social support network for help without hesitation!

Social welfare officers will help you in civilian life matters

The social welfare officer available at your brigade-level unit will offer you advice on how to deal with your civilian life matters while in military service. This involves helping you with social security issues (income support and military allowance), matters relating to choice of profession and guidance on studies and working life. In addition, the social curators will aid you in the sorrows that you may encounter and help in coping while in service.

Don’t hesitate contacting your brigade-level’s social welfare officer even before the service starts if necessary!

Military chaplain will be supporting you

The purpose of the ecclesiastical work is to offer mental and spiritual support for conscripts and sustain their ethical capability. All conscripts irrespective of their conviction are welcome to turn to the military chaplains, Orthodox priests and Lutheran ministers employed by the Finnish Defence Forces. During the service time, the military chaplains give lessons attended by conscripts, and those with no church affiliation attend study events in general ethics.